Tibetan Settlement Office Dehradun was established in the year 1978. The office is located inside Dekyiling Tibetan Settlement, Village – Kirsali, Sahastradhara Road, P.O. Kulhan, Dehradun, Uttarakhand State. It has a staff posted from C.T.A. Dharamsala (H.P.) as under:-
- Dehradun TSO in the rank of Joint Secretary
- Khathor Secretary
- Dekyiling Secretary
- Office Accountant
- Driver ( Rangkhong staff )
The Office is 12 kms away from the main city of Dehradun. It’s located at the height of 450 mtrs above sea level. The average temperature of the area is 35.23° Celsius during summer and 21.6° Celsius during winter with an average annual rainfall of 207.32 cms.
Dekyling Tibetan settlement is located at 12km away from the Dehradun city of Uttarakhand state. The settlement is at a height of 2730.10ft above mean sea level. The average temperature of the place is 22.05° to 33° Celsius during Summer and 21° to 8.05° Celsius during Winter with average annual rainfall of 15-20 cm per year. SAHASTRADHARA, a famous pilgrimage place for Indians is about 6 km away from it.
Travel from Dehradun to places like Delhi, Nepal, Kalimpong, Darjeeling, Dharamsala, Bodh Gaya, Varanasi etc. are fairly at reasonable reach.
The sources of livelihood of the Tibetan Refugees are petty business during summer and sweater/garment business during winter seasons. They also run small shops and restaurants in their respective settlements.
Facilities in the settlement
|The settlement has handicraft center with few public service section, shops, Telephone Booth.
The Settlement Officer who is appointed by the Central Tibetan administration, Dharamshala (H.P) is the overall in-charge of all the Settlements in Dehradun areas in Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh state in all spheres ranging from maintaining law and order to development and poverty alleviation work. He acts as a link between CTA, State and Central Government and any other NGO concerned. Under him, there are Elected Group Leaders headed by Camp Leaders, local Representative/Secretary in every settlement and scattered communities. All activities are implemented through these camp leaders & local representatives under the instructions & guidance of Settlement Officer. Settlement Officer takes all major decisions in consultation with the Camp Leaders and is the most important link between the settlement office and the community.
Following are the other CTA branch offices & NGOs located in various Tibetan Settlement
- Tibetan Local Justice Commission located at Dekyiling.
- Office of Audit General (Branch), located at Dekyiling.
- Tibetan Primary Health Care Centre, located at Dekyiling.
- Men-Tse-Khang Branch located each at Dekyiling, Raipur & Clement Town.
- Ngoenga School, located behind D.K Institute at Kulhan.
- Dekyiling Tibetan Local Assembly.
- Regional Tibetan Freedom Movement, branch office in all settlement & scattered areas.
- Regional Tibetan Youth Congress (T.Y.C), established at the settlements.
- Regional Tibetan Women’s Association (T.W.A), established in all the settlements.
There are six major Tibetan Settlements and five scattered Tibetan Communities in Uttarakhand State including a small group of Tibetan Community at Saharanpur in Uttar Pradesh State under the jurisdiction of Dehradun Tibetan Settlement Office. These Settlements are as under:
a) Six Major Settlements:
- Dekyiling Tibetan Settlement, Sahastradhara Road
- TNMF Dhondupling Settlement, Clement Town
- Kham Lingtsang Settlement, Manduwala
- Tsering Dhondhen Settement, Nalapani Raipur
- Gepheling Settlement, Village Tarla Nagar, Sahastradhara Road.
- Rapten-Ling Dharawali.
b) Five scattered Tibetan Communities:
- Tibetan Women Centre Handicraft & scattered Communities at Rajpur
- Saharanpur (U.P).
Brief Introduction to various Tibetan Settlement:
- This settlement is located at village Kirsali, Sahastradhara Road in Dehradun. The colony is 12 Km away from the main city Dehradun. The colony was established in the year 1981 mainly to accommodate and rehabilitate Tibetan Refugees who were scattered around Dehradun areas in rented houses of local Indians and also to rehabilitate the 2nd batch of Tibetan Refugees from Bhutan. It has a total land of 30.66 Acres initially purchased by CTRC Department of Home (CTA) for the main purpose of allocating reasonable housing to the Tibetan Refugees of 720 settlers initially. The Settlement has a Local Tibetan Assembly, Tibetan Freedom Movement (BRDL), RTYC, RTWA, the Handicraft Centre. The Settlement has 2 Chimis and 6 Gyakpons who carry out their routine work/activities of the Colony under the instructions/guidance of TSO Dehradun. Over a period of time, the Colony is crowded with many house constructions/ renovated/repairs. Presently it has a population of 1274.
- This Colony is a Registered Colony which is located near the Army Cantonment area in Clement Town Dehradun (UK). Late Acharya Vinobha Bhave who was an Advocate of non-violence & Human right has generously donated about 100 Acres of land to (Late ) Mr. Gungthan Tsultrim who was the Founder & Chairman of Amdo dance and Drama Troupe mainly to rehabilitate Tibetan Refugees under the scheme of Bhooden movement (land gift movement) in the year 1964. The initial population settled in the Colony was 609 and now it has increased to 1685 Tibetan Refugees. There are three main monasteries located inside the Colony:
(i) Nyingma Mindroling Gonpa.
- Geluk Tashikyil Gonpa.
- Drukpa Kagyue Dechen Chokhorling Gonpa.
Presently, the Chairman of the Colony is H.E Khochen Rinpoche of Mindroling Gonpa who is assisted by General Secretary and his staff for routine functioning of the Colony. It has Regional Tibetan Women Association (RTWA) & Local Tibetan Assembly (Type B) with 25 members. It also has TNMF School & Chushi Gangdruk Old People Home. It also has a branch of Men-Tsee-Khang. There is a good football ground in the colony.
- This Colony was established in the year 1974 and its located at Manduwala which is 16 kms from Dehradun city. It is a Registered Society which represents a small group of Tibetan Refugees settlers from Kham Lingtsang community of Lingtsang kingdom of Kham region in Eastern Tibet. It has a total land of 25 Acres purchased by Lingtsang King with the assistance of the State Government and CTA Dharamsala (H.P). The main source of livelihood of the Colony is based on small scale handmade metal craft manufacturing Tibetan Buddhist religious items such as Drilbu / Tingshak/ Phurpa etc. The colony has a few monasteries like Ngor Evam Choden Gonpa, Sakya College for Nuns, Dzogchen Shri Singh Thekchen Dongag Choeling, Palpung Kunkhyab Choeling and Za Mongyal Yundrungling (Bon). It also has a School named Ling Ghesar Primary School. It has population of 251 members. It has a good football ground.
This settlement is located at Mangluwala, Nalapani via Raipur which is 10 kms away from Dehradun city. This Rehabilitation Housing Scheme was initiated by late Mr. Stephen Sangye Hishey, a Chairman of Shidey Khangsar NGO located at Rajpur, Mussoorie Road through the International Foundation, USA. It’s aimed to rehabilitate 160 scattered Tibetan Refugee families around the area from Rajpur. The main sponsor to donate fund for this Rehabilitation Housing Scheme are Mr. Douglas Coe & Senator Claiborne Pell. It has 40 units of tin roofed building which accommodate 160 families in total area of 41.23 Bhigas. The settlement was inaugurated & consecrated by H.H. the Dalai Lama on 29th March 2005. Since then, the entire land & housing administration was managed by the Shidhey Khangsar family members Late Mr. Stephen Sangye Hishey and his wife Mrs. Sungzin A. Hishey as well as their eldest son Mr. Isaac Hishey for nearly 11 years although, other benefits of CTA have been provided to the residents. However, the Settlement’s immovable properties like 40 housing units and land measuring 41.23 Bhigas were finally handed/taken over by TSO Dehradun in a “Registered Will” from Mrs. Sungzin A. Hishey and her son Mr. Isaac Hishey in the name of CTRC, Department of Home (CTA) on 1st February 2017. Since then, the entire administration is directly looked after by TSO Dehradun who is a representative of CTA, Dharamsala. The present population is 639. Therefore, TSO Dehradun has managed domestic meter reading to each family and managed running drinking water from Jal Sanstha although CTA Deptt. Of Health has already provided a tractor & two tankers initially. Path way RCC road constructed by Deptt. of Home and rain water drainage was improved & constructed by Deptt. of Health.
Deptt. of Home (CTA) has initially purchased land measuring 9.88 Acres in village Trala Nagal in the name of H.H. the Dalai Lama, CTRC in the year 1980 which later on got converted into land lease for 29 years. The main aim of land purchase was to rehabilitate Tibetan Refugees around Dehradun areas that have not got housing benefits for many years due to lack of financial assistance & funds. However, in the year 2016/2017, CTA & TSO Dehradun was able to obtain construction Map approval from MDDA authority. Further CTA & TSO Dehradun was able to obtain exemption of development charges of the construction of Rs. 1.63 crore from Uttarakhand state cabinet prior to the actual construction of the project work. The ground construction work started on 1 Nov 2018 and completed on 31 Oct 2019 which is a record time to finish the major project work. The Settlement is located opposite to Dekyiling Tibetan Colony. This settlement is newly established and inaugurated by the Honorable Sikyong Dr. Lobsang Sangay in presence of Home Kalon Sonam Topgyal Khorlha Tsang of CTA Dharamsala (H.P) on 18th December 2019. The settlement has 112 apartments and has rehabilitated those dispersed 112 Tibetan Refugee families from Rajpur, Nainital, Mussoorie, Haridwar, Delhi, Herbertpur & Saharanpur since 1980 including 25 families of New Arrival Tibetan (NAT). It’s a four storey apartment building constructed on total land measuring 2.05 Acres approximately out of 9.88 Acres of land in village Tarla Nagal. TSO Dehradun new staff quarters and a guest house are also constructed in the area in the beginning of 2020 year.
TWC is located at Rajpur road which is 12.5 Km away from Dehradun. TWC Handicraft is a Registered Society which was established in the year 1965. A manager who is posted from CTA Dharamsala is looking after the administration of TWC handicraft with few Rangkhong staff. It has a total area of land measuring 1969 square meters. There are 336 members in T.W.C community. The core mission of the Handicraft Centre is for the rehabilitation and socio economic empowerment of Tibetan Refugees especially Tibetan women. There are 66 employees in the Handicraft Centers where they do hand woven Tibetan Carpet and Apron. Besides this, there is a scattered Tibetan community at Rajpur area where a total 80 Tibetans are living on rented house. As a source of livelihood, majority of the people are being relied on winter sweater selling business but few people run small Tibetan restaurant and tea stall in Rajpur itself. There is an Old People Home with a total 47 elderly people under the administration of Tibetan Home’s Foundation, Rajpur branch. Tibetan Home’s Foundation School Branch from Kindergarten to class 10th is also located at Rajpur. Sakya Dolma Phodrang and Sakya Centre as well as Sakya College are also situated at Rajpur.
- Mussoorie is 35 km away from Dehradun. It’s a beautiful hill station which is famously known as “Queen of Hills”. There are approximately 51 Tibetans living on rented house. Their main livelihood is petty business like selling sweater/garment. Besides this Tibetan Home’s Foundation main office and its School as well as Central School for Tibetans are located at Happy Valley, Mussoorie which is adjacent to Lal Bahadur Shastri Academy. Presently there are 1131 Tibetan students in Tibetan Home’s Foundation and 160 students in CST including teaching and non-teaching staffs. An Old People’s Home with total 20 elderly people is also being looked after under the direct administration of Tibetan Homes Foundation Head Office, Mussoorie.
Haridwar is very important and religious place for Hindu Pilgrimage in Uttarakhand state because of river Ganges flows at the foothill of Himalayan ranges in Northern India. It is 54 km away from Dehradun. Presently there are 13 Tibetan families who are staying in a rented house and carrying out their petty business for the whole year as a source of livelihood. Jolly grand, Dehradun Airport is towards Haridwar road from Dehradun city which is about 29 km.
Nainital is a very beautiful “Hill Station” in Uttarakhand State which is 9 hours journey from Dehradun. It is one of the important tourist destinations. It has a famous Tibetan market in the heart of Nainital city consisting of 51 shops. They do sweater/ garment business throughout the year for their livelihood. The present Tibetan population is 158.
Saharanpur is one of the oldest cities of Uttar Pradesh State which is 69 km away from Dehradun. This place is very famous for wood carving in Northern India. Earlier there were around 40 Tibetan people who lived on rented house and run small Tibetan restaurants. But over a period of time, many have shifted to Dehradun area due to hot climatic condition there. Presently, there are only seven families. They do sweater business during winter seasons only for their livelihood.