Soon after the first refugees started coming to India, the Department of Home was established to coordinate the immediate relief assistance for them and to find a long term solution for the resettlement of refugees. The resettlement of refugees also involves providing basic amenities and adequate source of livelihood.
Towards the end, the Department of Home has established 58 Tibetan settlement in India, Nepal, Bhutan and the welfare and interests of these settlements are looked after by their respective Representative or welfare officers. The settlements are primarily assisted by the Government of India and other voluntary aid organizations.
Out of the 58 settlements there are 39 major and minor settlements in India, 12 in Nepal and 7 in Bhutan based either on agriculture or Agro industries or Handicrafts as listed under.
TIBETAN SETTLEMENTS IN BHUTAN
Problems and goals:
One of the greatest problems in the settlements is that the population is rapidly growing, due to the number of births in the community and the steady streams of new refugees, which has increased since 1980 when travel restrictions from Tibet became more relaxed. This has put strain on the already fragile economy and infrastructure of the settlements and the housing, sanitation, health clinics, schools and other facilities are no longer equipped to deal with the number of people in the settlements.